Castelo de Vide the Sintra of Alentejo

From Vide to Castelo

According to tradition, the Moors conquered Vide or land of Vide in year 1148. At first it belonged to D. Gonçalo Mousinho, and later became the property of d. Pedro Amnes in 1180. What we know for certain is that the settlement “Vitê” already existed in the year of 1194, as it is referred to in the charter of donation. from D. Sancho I to the knights Hospitallers of Terras Guindinesta. We also know that belonged to the term of Marvão, whitch was created by the charter of 1226 and in 1273, because the object of donation by D. Afonso III to the Prince Afonso, lord of the castels and towns of Portalegre Marvão and Arronches since 1271.

D. Dinis eradicated all of his brother’s domain in the North of Alentejo, he conceded a charter to the town in the year of 1310. The fortifications, where now by royal demand, and were completed in the year 1327, known as Castelo de Vide or Castelo David.

Land of the Jews

After the fortification protected the old town, surrounding it by walls, the jewish community establish themselves there, offering their traditional services which were trade, arts and crafts, and medicine. The 15th and 16th centuries clearly constitute a period of development for the Town. the Jewish community also grew during this period, especially after their expulsion from Spain in 1492.

The Hills, The Fountains, The Waters

In 1271, when a terra de vide (Land of Vide) was donated, the document mentions the pastures, the hills and the fountains. It is a place of such uncommon beauty, from any point of approach; on can hear the falling water from its numerous waterspouts emanating from the bountiful hillside of Serra de São Paulo, the source of the water.

Coming from Portalegre, first you pass through Fonte Nova, and then you go to Fonte do Martinho. If you come from Marvão, the Fonte de Mealhada is situated at the bottom, in the Valley. Inside the town in Carreira de Cima, there is the Fonte do Monturinho (1889) with Neptune as a boy, and in front of the hospital, the Fonte do Ourives (1889). In the Jewish quarter, where the streets run next to the Baths, the Fonte da Vila, the oldes fountain, dating probably from the 16th Century, is decorated on top by two putti, the coat of arms of Portugal and those of Castelo de Vide. In the Estrada da Circunvalação, are other fountains of more humble design. If we want to talk about the quality of life in the corner of Alentejo we need only mention the mineral water, one of the best in the country, that others buy as a luxury, but wish here pours free from the fountains all year round, offering itself to whomever passes by.

According to tradition, the Moors conquered Vide or land of Vide in year 1148. At first it belonged to D. Gonçalo Mousinho, and later became the property of d. Pedro Amnes in 1180. What we know for certain is that the settlement “Vitê” already existed in the year of 1194, as it is referred to in the charter of donation. from D. Sancho I to the knights Hospitallers of Terras Guindinesta. We also know that belonged to the term of Marvão, whitch was created by the charter of 1226 and in 1273, because the object of donation by D. Afonso III to the Prince Afonso, lord of the castels and towns of Portalegre Marvão and Arronches since 1271.
D. Dinis eradicated all of his brother’s domain in the North of Alentejo, he conceded a charter to the town in the year of 1310. The fortifications, where now by royal demand, and were completed in the year 1327, known as Castelo de Vide or Castelo David.